Diabetes is like a disease in which a human body is not able to produce enough quantity of insulin required by the body. Resultantly, the blood sugar level of the person suffering from this problem increases which has various side effects. The increased sugar level causes frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger. The body of the patient becomes either extraordinarily fat or extraordinarily thin. The patient should be serious in terms of his meetings with the doctor in order to avoid complications like damaged eyes, kidneys, feet and heart (happens as a side effect). Diabetes is now common worldwide. Almost in every nation, every tenth person suffers from diabetes. Moreover, the research by the World Health Organization has shown that diabetes is more common in most populous countries in the world. Here is a list of top ten countries with highest diabetes rate.
Nigeria majorly faces from the problem of diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus is common in Nigeria as in other parts of the world. A survey was conducted to know about the details of the patients. It was seen that almost 95 percent of the patients had type 2 diabetes, and only 4 percent had type 1 diabetes mellitus. Due to lack of facilities, especially in rural areas, most of Nigerians remain unaware of their diabetic condition. It was seen in the reports that more than half of diabetics in Nigeria remain undiagnosed. The total number of Nigerians suffering from diabetes is estimated to be 137,253,133.
Bangladesh is seventh most populous country of the world and eight in terms of highest diabetes rate. Reports have shown that more than seven million Bengalis suffer from diabetes and more than half of them remain undiagnosed. Due to insufficient health care service and lack of awareness, many people spend a stressful and unhealthy life in Bangladesh. Moreover, there are many life expectancy among diabetic Bengalis is also less. Diabetes is one of the major causes of death in Bangladesh. Now active campaigning is done to spread awareness. Like Bangladesh Diabetic Association organized a discussion at BIDREM auditorium.
Russia is seventh in the list of top ten countries with highest diabetes rate. The total number of people suffering from diabetes in Russia is estimated to be 144,112,353. The type 2 diabetes is relatively rare in Russia, but it is seen lately that a large number of diabetics are undiagnosed. Reports suggest that the total number of deaths due to diabetes is equal to 197,299 individuals. Diabetic prevalence in adults is approximately 10.03 percent. Total cases (20-79 age groupss) are almost 10,294.11 in which almost four thousand remain undiagnosed.
Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world and also sixth in the list of top ten countries with highest diabetes rate. Almost 153,705,278 people suffer from diabetes in a population of 180 million. Studies have shown that Pakistan has 10 percent prevalence of type II diabetes. Due to lack of proper health care service, many people suffering from diabetes are either unaware or reluctant to have a proper health service. Reports have shown an increased number of deaths caused by diabetes in Pakistan. Another report has shown that there are 7.1 million diabetic patients in Pakistan, which is an alarming situation.
Brazil is the fifth most populous country in the world and is fifth in terms of size as well. Although Brazil’s economy is developing rapidly, there are a large percentage of people who are living in extreme poverty with less health care service and access of nutritious food. According to the estimates, more than 7 million people suffer from diabetes. 80,000 people die out of diabetes every year, which is an alarming situation for Brazilians. According to International Diabetes Federation, almost 50 percent of the patients in Brazil remain undiagnosed. Brazil Ministry of Health once stated that diabetes kills more in Brazil than AIDS and road accidents.
Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and also fourth in the list in terms of highest diabetes rate. It is estimated that more than 238,452,952 Indonesians suffer from diabetes epidemic. In Indonesia, health care service is not available to every person and not every other person is able to afford a proper health care service. That is why many Indonesians are living an unhealthy and nonproductive life. Due to the lack of awareness, there are less diabetes specialists in Indonesia. According to statistics, more than 7.6 million Indonesians are currently suffering from diabetes. And less than half of them are aware of the fact that they are suffering from diabetes.
3. United States
United States remains one of the highest diabetes rates countries in the world. In the USA, diabetes is the seventh most common cause of death. It is commonly seen not only in middle aged and old folks, but also in teenagers and children. Almost 0.25 percent of the less than 20 age group Americans suffer from diabetes. In terms of prevalence, almost 9.3 percent of the population suffered from diabetes according to 2010 figures. Obviously, it has increased within these four years. More than one million cases of diabetes appear on a yearly basis in America. Diabetes is very common in USA in almost all the ethnic groups settled there.
India is the second most populous country in the world and also second among the top ten countries with highest diabetes rate. Statistics have shown that the number of people suffering from diabetes has exceeded 40 million, which includes people from all age groups. Indians suffer from a different kind of diabetes as in Western world. In the type II diabetes, body generally does not become obese. In India, the prevalence of diabetes in rural areas is 3 percent of the total population. The health care system in India is not sufficient which is resulting in long term complications and shorter life expectancy among Indian diabetic patients.
As earlier mentioned China is the most populous country in the world and has the largest number of diabetic patients. According to the 2013 statistics, almost 1,294,629,555 suffered from diabetes. According to International Diabetes Federation, there are a large number of children, teenagers and middle aged people in China who suffer from diabetes. It is seen that 11.6 percent of adults in China now suffer from diabetes. And 40 percent of 18 to 20 aged group people are on the verge of developing diabetes, which may result into a heart attack, kidney failure and brain stroke. Experts say that diabetes in china is more like a catastrophe.